Last edited by Gusida
Monday, July 20, 2020 | History

3 edition of Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (Technical Reports Series (International Atomic Energy Agency)) found in the catalog.

Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (Technical Reports Series (International Atomic Energy Agency))

International Atomic Energy Agency.

Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (Technical Reports Series (International Atomic Energy Agency))

by International Atomic Energy Agency.

  • 114 Want to read
  • 20 Currently reading

Published by Intl Atomic Energy Agency .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Nuclear power & engineering,
  • Nuclear power industries,
  • Radioactive Waste Disposal

  • The Physical Object
    FormatPaperback
    Number of Pages126
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL12891908M
    ISBN 109201254830
    ISBN 109789201254832

    The assessment of this method has included the disposal of /sup /I, /sup 14/C, /sup 85/Kr, and tritium. It is recommended that additional studies be made of the feasibility of injecting krypton, as an admixture with xenon, directly into the hydrofracture grout stream for disposal in deep, impermeable shale formations. Casing is a process that is regulated by the state for each hydraulically fractured well site. Well casing acts as a protective barrier between hydraulic fracturing fluid, oil and natural gas that flows through the well and the fresh water aquifers. The process involves sealing the drilling well bore in multiple layers of cylindrical steel.

    The high-pressure pumps crack the shale rock further, and the sand and chemical additives keep the fissures propped open so that the natural gas or oil can be discharged. After this, the area that was hydraulically fractured is plugged, and the process continues down the length of the horizontal well. CEMENTITIOUS GROUTS FOR DISPOSAL OF NUCLEAR WASTEFORMS IN DEEP BOREHOLES Nick C Collier1, Karl P Travis1, Fergus G F Gibb1, Neil B Milestone2 1 Immobilisation Science Laboratory, Department of Materials Science & Engineering, The University of Sheffield, Sheffield S1 3JD, United Kingdom, Email [email protected]

    While proper disposal of flowback fluids into permitted and monitored injection wells is currently the most effective means of safely isolating these fluids from the near-surface environment, the required specific geological conditions that are required for such wells do not exist in all areas. The recent shale gas boom is a reminder that the effective use of hydraulic fracturing in shale formations is a relatively new phenomenon. However, this ‘fracking’ (also called 'fracing’ or ‘fraccing’ in the technical literature) has been around for longer than many people realise, and the use of unconventional techniques to extract oil and gas from the ground has developed over more.


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Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (Technical Reports Series (International Atomic Energy Agency)) by International Atomic Energy Agency. Download PDF EPUB FB2

Disposal of radioactive grouts into hydraulically fractured shale. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency ; [New York, N.Y.: exclusive sales agent in the United States of America, UNIPUB], (OCoLC) Material Type: Government publication, International government publication: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors.

Buy Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale by International Atomic Energy Agency from Waterstones today. Click and Collect from your local Waterstones or get FREE UK delivery on orders over £Pages: Suggested Citation:"Disposal of Radioactive Waste in Hydraulically Fractured Shale."National Research Council.

The Management of Radioactive Waste at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory: A Technical Review. Disposal of Radioactive Grouts into Hydraulically Fractured Shale (TECHNICAL REPORTS SERIES (INTERNATIONAL ATOMIC ENERGY AGENCY)): ISBN () Softcover, Intl Atomic Energy Agency, Radioactive wastes from oil and gas drilling; Information from the U.S.

Energy Information Administration. Review of emerging resources: U.S. shale gas and shale oil plays; Maps of coalbed methane, shale gas and tight sands (tight gas) (includes maps of Barnett, Eagle Ford, Fayetteville, Haynesville-Bossier, Marcellus and Woodford shale plays).

U.S. Geological Survey FAQs:"Most of the water and additives used in hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”) remain deep underground in the geologic formation from which the oil or gas is being extracted.

But some of the fluid, mixed with water or brine from the formation, returns through the well to the surface and is referred to as “produced water”. Most of the water and additives used in hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”) remain deep underground in the geologic formation from which the oil or gas is being extracted.

But some of the fluid, mixed with water or brine from the formation, returns through the well to the surface and is referred to as “produced water”. After a well is brought on-line, large volumes of. Conducted properly, hydraulic fracturing (or “fracking”) has little possibility of contaminating water supplies.

Properly constructed wells prevent drilling fluids, hydraulic fracturing fluids, deep saline formation waters, or oil and gas from entering aquifers. Carefully constructed and operated well sites have the ability to contain potential spills and minimize runoff into. The Marcellus Shale has transformed the Appalachian Basin into an energy juggernaut.

Even amid a recent drilling slowdown, regional daily production averages enough. No Storage: Do not store food, beverages, or medicines in refrigerators, freezers or coldrooms where radioactive materials are used or stored. Storing Food & Items in Your Desk: You may store your food, water bottles, beverages, medicines, coffee mugs, eating utensils, etc.

in your closed desk in a radioisotope use lab, but you are not permitted to have these items out on top of your desk or. The vast amount of waste water produced by fracking can contaminate rivers, lakes and other waterways with radioactive material and hormone-affecting chemicals, according to.

Sealed radioactive sources are routinely used in formation evaluation of both hydraulically fractured and non-fracked wells. The sources are lowered into the borehole as part of the well logging tools, and are removed from the borehole before any hydraulic fracturing takes place. Measurement of formation density is made using a sealed caesium source.

Energy: One cubic meter ( BBL) of water requires GJ ( million BTUs) of energy to r, the value of energy, known as ‘exergy’, depends on its temperature. It may only make sense to spend this energy if a waste heat source or a low temperature heat source is available, such as waste heat from reciprocating engine jacket cooling, exhaust, or waste gas that is flared.

Fracking, or hydrofracking, which is short for hydraulic fracturing, is a common but controversial practice among companies that drill underground for oil and natural fracking, drillers inject millions of gallons of water, sand, salts and chemicals—all too often toxic chemicals and human carcinogens such as benzene—into shale deposits or other sub-surface rock formations at.

Scientists have for the first time found dangerous levels of radioactivity and salinity at a shale gas waste disposal site that could contaminate drinking water. The main enabling technologies, hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling, have opened up new areas for oil and gas development, with particular focus on natural gas reservoirs such as shale, coalbed and tight sands.

Shale Gas Extraction. Shale rock formations have become an important source of natural gas in the United States. Inroughly 60% of the wastewater from shale gas production in Pennsylvania was treated and discharged, 30% was recycled for fracking use, and 10% was injected into disposal wells (National Resources Defense Council (NRDC), In Fracking ' s Wake: New Rules are Needed to Protect Our Health and Environment from Contaminated Wastewate r, May.

Hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling are safely unlocking vast U.S. reserves of oil and natural gas found in shale and other tight-rock formations. Developing energy from shale is an advanced process that uses the latest drilling technologies and equipment. As for what fracking means to the United States – the answers are security, economic growth and jobs, jobs, jobs.

Shale gas development relies heavily on multi-stage hydraulic fracturing lation to maximize commercial viability.

stimu Wells are hydraulically fractured by flushing large quantities of “frac fluid” a mixture of freshwater, – proppants, and small amounts of friction reducers and other chemicals into –. Storage and disposal of radioactive waste is strictly regulated. All radioactive waste must be transferred to Environment, Health & Safety (EH&S) for disposal.

Do not dispose of radioactive waste in regular trash cans or pour it down drains. Place used scintillation vials into flats. Hydraulic fracturing is the propagation of fractures in a rock layer by pressurized fluid.

Induced hydraulic fracturing or hydrofracking, commonly known as fracking, is a technique used to release petroleum, natural gas (including shale gas, tight gas and coal seam gas), or other substances for extraction.

Radionuclides are associated with hydraulic fracturing in two main ways.As mentioned above, toxic chemicals are used during hydraulic fracturing operations. The same chemicals that are injected come back to the surface in the flowed-back wastes.

As well, hydrocarbons from the fractured formation may flow back into the waste pits. A preferable way of storing wastes would be to flow them back into steel tanks. Radium is a radioactive metal naturally found in many rocks; long-term exposure to large amounts of radium can cause adverse health effects and even diseases such as leukemia.

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